Deploy a Testnet

Starting Gaiad

Start the full node:

gaiad start

Check the everything is running smoothly:

gaiacli status

Generate keys

You'll need a private and public key pair (a.k.a. sk, pk respectively) to be able to receive funds, send txs, bond tx, etc.

To generate your a new key (default ed25519 elliptic curve):

gaiacli keys add $KEYNAME

Next, you will have to enter a passphrase for your$KEYNAMEkey twice. Save the _seed phrase _in a safe place in case you forget the password.

Now if you check your private keys you will see the $KEYNAMEkey among them:

gaiacli keys show $KEYNAME

You can see your other available keys by typing:

gaiacli keys list

Save your address and pubkey into a variable


IMPORTANT: We strongly recommend to NOT use the same passphrase for your different keys. The Tendermint team and the Interchain Foundation will not be responsible for the lost of funds.

Getting Coins

Go to the faucet in and claim some coins for your testnet by typing the address of your key, as printed out above.

Send tokens

gaiacli send --from=$MYADDR --amount=1000fermion --chain-id=<name_of_testnet_chain> --sequence=1 --name=$KEYNAME --to=<destination_address>

The --amount flag defines the corresponding amount of the coin in the format --amount=<value|coin_name>

The --sequence flag corresponds to the sequence number to sign the tx.

Now check the destination account and your own account to check the updated balances (by default the latest block):

gaiacli account <destination_address>
gaiacli account $MYADDR

You can also check your balance at a given block by using the --block flag:

gaiacli account $MYADDR --block=<block_height>
Custom fee (coming soon)

You can also define a custom fee on the transaction by adding the --fee flag using the same format:

gaiacli send --from=$MYADDR --amount=1000fermion --fee=1fermion --chain-id=<name_of_testnet_chain> --sequence=1 --name=$KEYNAME --to=<destination_address>

Transfer tokens to other chain

The command totransfertokens to other chain is the same assend, we just need to add the--chainflag:

gaiacli transfer --from=$MYADDR --amount=20fermion --chain-id=<name_of_testnet_chain> --chain=<destination_chain> --sequence=1 --name=$KEYNAME --to=<sidechain_destination_address>

Staking: Add a Validator

Get your public key by typing:

gaiad show_validator

The returned value is your validator address in hex. This can be used to create a new validator candidate by staking some tokens:

gaiacli declare-candidacy --amount=500fermions --pubkey=$PUBKEY --address-candidate=$MYADDR --moniker=satoshi --chain-id=<name_of_the_testnet_chain> --sequence=1 --name=$KEYNAME

You can add more information of the validator candidate such as--website, --keybase-sigor additional--details. If you want to edit the candidate info:

gaiacli edit-candidacy --details="To the cosmos !" --website=""

Finally, you can check all the candidate information by typing:

gaiacli candidate --address-candidate=$MYADDR --chain-id=<name_of_the_testnet_chain>

To check that the validator is active you can find it on the validator set list:

basecli validatorset <height>

*Note: Remember that to be in the validator set you need to have more total power than the Xnd validator, where X is the assigned size for the validator set (by default X = 100).

Delegating: Bonding and unbonding to a validator

You can delegate (i.e. bind) Atoms to a validator to obtain a part of its fee revenue in exchange (the fee token in the Cosmos Hub are Photons).

gaiacli delegate --amount=10fermion --address-delegator=$MYADDR --address-candidate=<bonded_validator_address> --shares=MAX --name=$KEYNAME --chain-id=<name_of_testnet_chain> --sequence=1

If for any reason the validator misbehaves or you just want to unbond a certain amount of the bonded tokens:

gaiacli unbond --address-delegator=$MYADDR --address-candidate=<bonded_validator_address> --shares=MAX --name=$KEYNAME --chain-id=<name_of_testnet_chain> --sequence=1

You can unbond a specific amount ofshares(eg:12.1) or all of them (MAX).

You should now see the unbonded tokens reflected in your balance and in your delegator bond :

gaiacli account $MYADDR
gaiacli delegator-bond --address-delegator=$MYADDR --address-candidate=<bonded_validator_address> --chain-id=<name_of_testnet_chain>


Relaying is key to enable interoperability in the Cosmos Ecosystem. It allows IBC packets of data to be sent from one chain to another.

The command to relay packets is the following:

gaiacli relay --from-chain-id=<name_of_testnet_chain> --to-chain-id=<destination_chain_name> --from-chain-node=<host>:<port> --to-chain-node=<host>:<port> --name=$KEYNAME --sequence=1

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